Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit
June 16, 1891 – June 4, 1903
Judge of the United States Circuit Court for the Eighth Circuit
March 4, 1890 – June 16, 1891
Judge of the United States District Court for the Eastern District of Arkansas
June 20, 1864 – March 4, 1890
Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of Arkansas
June 20, 1864 – March 3, 1871
(1832-09-04)September 4, 1832
Marshall County, Virginia, U.S.
(now West Virginia)
February 15, 1915(1915-02-15) (aged 82)
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Henry Clay Caldwell (September 4, 1832 – February 15, 1915) was a United States federal judge and Union Army officer.
1 Early years
6 Further reading
Caldwell was born in what is now Marshall County, West Virginia, in 1835, in what was then Indian territory, and was largely self-educated, a circumstance credited with the cultivation of a homespun philosophy. He moved with his parents to Iowa in 1837, where his father, Van Caldwell, once a wealthy Virginia farmer, took land in the “Black Hawk Purchase” at Bentonsport and operated the first licensed ferry on the Des Moines River; his mother was Susan Moffit Caldwell. He was educated in the common schools of Iowa, and began reading law in the offices of Knapp and Wright in Keosauqua, Iowa, at the age of fifteen. He was admitted to the bar in 1857, according to some sources, and became a junior partner in the firm.
He was a Prosecuting attorney of Van Buren County, Iowa from 1856 to 1858, and a member of the Iowa House of Representatives from 1859 to 1861. In 1854 he married Harriet Benton. He enlisted in the 3rd Iowa Volunteer Cavalry in the United States Army, rising to the rank of Colonel, and attained command of the unit. He served with distinction at the Battle of Kirksville, and he led the cavalry forces that captured Little Rock, Arkansas, on September 10, 1863. He was n